Module 4: Anticipatory Guidance, Fluoride Varnish, and Referral


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2001. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Reports 50(RR 14):1–42.
  2. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Liaison with Other Groups Committee. 2008. Guidelines on fluoride therapy. Pediatric Dentistry 30(7):121–124.
  3. Casamassimo P, Holt K. 2004. Bright Futures in Practice: Oral Health—Pocket Guide. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.
  4. Marinho VC, Higgins JP, Logan S, Sheiham A. 2003. Topical fluoride (toothpastes, mouthrinses, gels or varnishes) for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4):CD002782.
  5. Weintraub JA, Ramos-Gomez F, Jue B, Shain S, Hoover CI, Featherstone JD, Gansky SA. 2006. Fluoride varnish efficacy in preventing early childhood caries. Journal of Dental Research 85(2):172–176.
  6. Sköld-Larsson K, Modéer T, Twetman S. 2000. Fluoride concentration in plaque in adolescents after topical application of different fluoride varnishes. Clinical Oral Investigations 4(1):31–34.
  7. Eakle WS, Featherstone JD, Weintraub JA, Shain SG, Gansky SA. 2004. Salivary fluoride levels following application of fluoride varnish or fluoride rinse. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 32(6):462–469.
  8. Hale KJ. American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Pediatric Dentistry. 2003. Oral health risk assessment timing and establishment of the dental home. Pediatrics 111(5):1113–1116.
  9. American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Pediatric Dentistry. 2008. Preventive oral health intervention for pediatricians. Pediatrics 122(6):1387–1394.